In 1921, American industrialist Henry Ford proposed the creation of an “vitality forex” that would kind the idea of a brand new financial system — providing hanging similarities to the peer-to-peer digital money system outlined in Satoshi Nakamoto’s 2008 Bitcoin (BTC) whitepaper. 

Entrance web page of the New York Tribune dated Sunday, December 4, 1921. Supply: Library of Congress

Bitcoin as an vitality forex

On Dec. 4, 1921, the New York Tribune published an article outlining Ford’s imaginative and prescient of changing gold with an vitality forex that he believed may break the banking elites’ grip on world wealth and put an finish to wars. He supposed to do that by constructing “the world’s biggest energy plant” and creating a brand new forex system based mostly on “items of energy.”


Ford, who based Ford Motor Firm in 1903, instructed the publication:

“Beneath the vitality forex system the usual can be a certain quantity of vitality exerted for one hour that might be equal to 1 greenback. It’s merely a case of pondering and calculating in phrases totally different from these laid all the way down to us by the worldwide banking group to which we’ve got grown so accustomed that we predict there is no such thing as a different fascinating normal.”

The specifics round forex values “might be labored out when Congress cares to listen to about it,” he mentioned.

Though Ford was by no means in a position to advance his imaginative and prescient of a fully-backed forex, Bitcoin has seemingly vindicated the concept a century later. Since 2009, greater than 18.8 million BTC have been created by means of energy-intensive mining that requires computer systems to unravel more and more advanced math issues. This proof-of-work mining course of has drawn heavy criticism over its alleged environmental affect — a short-sighted declare that ignores Bitcoin’s abilily to speed up the shift to renewable vitality.

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Changing gold, ending wars

On the relation between gold and battle, Ford defined:

“The important evil of gold in its relation to battle is the truth that it may be managed. Break the management and also you cease battle.”

A few of Bitcoin’s most ardent helps consider the cryptocurrency’s sound cash ideas may remove battle by decreasing the state’s potential to fund battle by means of inflation. Whereas a gold normal makes it more durable for governments to inflate their forex, “worldwide bankers,” as Ford defined, managed the majority of the bullion provide. This strategy of controlling and accumulating treasured commodities allowed monetary elites to create an energetic marketplace for cash, which thrived throughout wartime.

The remnants of the gold normal have been deserted in 1971 by U.S. President Richard Nixon, who mentioned his authorities would quickly droop convertibility between {dollars} and bullion. The so-called quasi-gold normal would last till 1973, with all definitions linking the greenback to bullion eliminated by 1976. Nonetheless, in impact, the gold normal system was eradicated by the British authorities in 1931, with the U.S. following go well with two years later.

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The New York Tribune article circulated on Reddit’s r/CryptoCurrency web page on Saturday, the place it acquired appreciable upvotes. Whereas Satoshi Nakamoto by no means talked about Henry Ford in on-line discussion board posts, some Reddit customers speculated that Bitcoin’s creator might have been influenced by the late industrialist. Others jokingly mentioned Satoshi was really Ford’s reincarnate, given the latter’s obvious perception in reincarnation.